Sterling Morrison, the quiet lead/rhythm guitarist of VU - Aug. 28, 1942 - 1995…
The Velvet Underground: There She Goes Again - from The Velvet Underground & Nico, 1967
Sterling plays rhythm and sings background vocals…
"Community gardens can have net negative impacts on the environment. Taylor and Lovell (2014) point out that the fertilizers (organic or inorganic) used in gardens may pollute urban stormwater, and that arthropod (bugs with exoskeltons and segmented bodies) diversity is lower in community gardens than in undisturbed vacant lots."
"Household food production had been devalued as a subject of research because of “its traditional association with the unpaid labour of women” and ”the bias in capitalist society toward the production of […] goods to be sold rather than used by their producer or her family” (Taylor & Lovell, 2014, p. 286). “Even calling urban agriculture ‘agriculture’ may be seen as a move to professionalize and masculinze the practice and study of urban food production, which is often more akin to domestic gardening in scale than to conventional farming” (Taylor & Lovell, 2014, p. 286)."
"“Gardeners may share plants, produce, and information across the garden fence with neighbours or passersby, and evidence from both the North and the South suggest that home gardens may be a communal resource or may be produced, in part, through the activities of the larger community” (Buchmann, 2009; Chevalier, 1998)."
"Historically, urban green spaces have been seen as “places for relaxation and spiritual rejuvenation” in a “sanitary” environment, as opposed to supposedly messy, productive rural areas (McLain et al., 2014, p. 223)."
"“Health promotion programs often have a narrow focus; for example, a program may focus only on increasing exercise levels, prevalence of low-fat milk consumption, or improving the management of a specific chronic disease (e.g. blood pressure), which partly reflects categorical funding in public health. Therefore, these programs fail to address common environmental conditions/barriers or relationships between different health-related skills and practices. However, community-based intervention designs which address multiple risk factors for the prevention and management of related chronic disease conditions have been designed and implemented…” (Armstrong, 2000). In layman’s terms, the health benefits of community gardens are generally hard to measure, because their aims and benefits are so broad. Furthermore, it’s difficult to determine if community gardens are causally connected to the health benefits they have been claimed to have. “While there are studies documenting the benefits of community gardens, there is little known about the intervening mechanisms that explain how gardens impact health and well-being of neighborhood residents, or how garden social processes may lead to broader community impact.” (Tieg et al., 2009) “Nevertheless, the ability of the gardens to serve as a catalyst for residents to begin to address some issues collectively may represent an important public health strategy to facilitate community organizing and empowerment and to increase community capacity” (Armstrong, 2000)."
"“Researchers working in the field of social and therapeutic horticulture are frequently asked what it is about gardening projects that is beneficial. […] A brief answer could be that these projects provide an interrelated set of activities that have purpose and coherence; they take place within a garden space that has been created and defined; they enable the ‘restorative’ experience through their setting in a natural environment; and they promote social inclusion” (Sempik & Aldridge, 2005, p. 4-5)"